2017 Annotated Resources (In progress)brought to you by SOC 373 Students at Eastern Oregon University
This annotated resource page is provided as a resource for students and others seeking research and information about organizations related to criminal justice policies and issues. All suggested citations will be submitted in APA format.This is a course project that will be converted to a PDF and linked here once complete.

2nd Chances

This website is a great resource for juveniles that are looking to create a financial income and is indicated for juveniles only that reside in the Orange County area. This website also directs those that visit the webpage directs them to direct link to jobs that are looking to hire juveniles and also a great resource to other links correlated with juvenile justice, such as: Probation officers, district attorney and public defenders.
Suggested APA citation: Juvenile Court Work Program. Retrieved from http://www.ocgov.com/gov/probation/arrested/disposition/work

Books to Prisoners


Bureau of Justice Statistics


CAN-DO Foundation


Collateral Consequences


CURE – Citizens United for the Rehabilitation of Errants


Economic Policy Institute


Exoffenders --- jobs for felons


Georgetown U. Prisons and Justice


Campaign to End Overcriminalization

The website offers current news regarding crime and the legal system. There are links to legal education about various cases, and links for advocacy. There are videos about how over-criminalization twists our criminal justice system into an inefficient, ineffective, and expensive burden on our society. The campaign is a project of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers. They are a group of lawyers that support prison and criminal justice system reform.
Suggested APA citation:
NACDL. (n.d.). Retrieved May 24, 2017, from https://nacdl.org/overcrim

National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers

nacdl.org offers a wide variety of resources in order to help achieve their goal, which is to ensure justice and due process for person accused of crime. There are links to affiliated organizations that share these values, legal education resources, criminal defense policies, as well as current events on criminal defense cases and reforms. The site serves primarily as a discussion board for criminal just policies as well as even more resources for members of the NACDL.
Suggested APA citation:
NACDL. (n.d.). Retrieved May 24, 2017, from https://nacdl.org/

National Criminal Justice Reference Service


National Resource Center on Justice Involved Women


Justice Policy Institute


Justice Policy Network


MacArthur Justice Center


The Marshall Project


National Council for Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls

An organization lead and created by formerly incarcerated and currently incarcerated women to end incarceration of women by building a movement grounded in sisterhood, solidarity, and human rights. They write and support model legislation, pursue litigation and community-based action to support the decarceration of women.
Suggested APA Citation:
National Council for Incarcerated and Formerly Incarcerated Women and Girls. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://thecouncil.us/

National Institute of Justice


Nation Outside

on Twitter at @NationOutside

Pew Research Center (Criminal Justice)


Prison Legal News


Post-Prison Edu


The Post-Prison Education Program provides access to education and unwavering support through wrap around services including tuition, housing, groceries, daycare and intensive mentoring. On this website they have information about applying for help, ways to donate and volunteer, and current news about the post education program. Stories about students and their families present the challenges and successes of working for new life goals.


Post Prison Education Program. Retrieved May 24, 2017, from http://postprisonedu.org/

PRisoN Research Network

on Twitter at @PRisoN_network

Prison Policy News

on Twitter at @PrisonPolicies

Prison Policy Initiative


Prison Watch Network

on Twitter at @Prisonwatchint

Rebuilding Reentry

on twitter at @citizensreturn

Second Prison Project

on Twitter at @SecondPrison

Sentencing Project


The sentencing project was founded in 1986 and it provides information on criminal justice system in United States of America (USA). It is non-profit organization, that promotes reforms in sentencing policy, it looks at unjust racial disparities and practices, and is advocating for alternatives to incarceration. The web site provides various publication on research, media campaigns, and strategic advocacy for effective criminal justice policy reform. According to the authors of this on-line resource, USA today is the world’s leader in incarceration due to racial disparities. The sentencing policies, implicit racial bias, and socioeconomic inequity contribute to racial disparities at every level of the criminal justice system today.There are nearly six million Americans that can’t vote due to felony convictions. Thousands of women and children are struggling to survive and can’t qualify for food stamps and cash assistance due to convictions for drug offenses. The sentencing project website is helpful tool for researching the issues of incarceration, such as felony disenfranchisement, sentencing and drug policies, racial disparities, juvenile justice and more. It provides criminal justice facts and up to date state-by-state data. It provides helpful guideline on how to act and get involved in criminal justice reform.
The Sentencing Project. (2017). Trending issues: incarceration, felony disenfranchisement and drug policy. Retrieved from: http://www.sentencingproject.org


This article is one of the resources and publications available on the sentencing project web site. The author of the article talks about the 2010 crack cocaine sentencing reform and the many circumstances that were instrumental in the law’s bipartisan support. It also highlights the need to push a more aggressive federal agenda to reduce incarceration levels and racial disparity while providing a more humane system of justice.
This article was written for Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA) by the author who is the Director of Advocacy at The Sentencing Project. The information provided in this article is based on evidence from variety of primary and secondary sources. The sources are up to date and originate from credible organizations such as whitehouse.gov, the Federal Bureau of Prisons and documents like United States Sentencing Commission report, Bureau of Justice statistics and many more.
Gotsch, K. (2011). Breakthrough in U.S. drug sentencing reform. The Fair Sentencing Act and the unfinished reform agenda.Retrieved from: http://www.sentencingproject.org/search/prison+reform

Urban Institute Justice Policy Center


U.S. Department of Justice


VERA Institute

The Vera Institute of Justice website provides information about issues surrounding mass incarceration. They are committed to securing equal justice, ending mass incarceration and strengthening families and communities. This site is a great tool for students conducting research on the U.S. prison system and the costs surrounding it. The front page features a link to a 5 year study examining state spending trends for prisons. Vera Institute of Justice has conducted studies, has projects in 47 states related to justice reform. Someone seeking information about programs in their state will find this site useful.
Suggested APA citation: Vera Institute of Justice. (n.d.). Retrieved June 12, 2017, from http://www.vera.org/

Women in Prison


Women’s Prison Association

The Women’s Prison Association (WPA) is an organization that supports women during and after incarceration. It helps with the transition from prison to community, and influences women to make positive changes that affect their ability to avoid re-incarceration. The WPA has been dedicated to helping women involved in the criminal justice system for more than 170 years and uses its knowledge and experience to influence policy reform. It designs programs that support basic survival, stability, and ultimately self-sufficiency for over 1,500 women a year in New York. The WPA is actively supported by strong staff, directors, council and partners.
Suggested APA citation: Support WPA. (n.d.) in Women’s Prison Association online page. Retrieved from http://www.wpaonline.org/

In the News

CURE National

Citizens United for Rehabilitation of Errants (CURE) is a grassroots organization that was founded in Texas in 1972. It became a national organization in 1985.
CURE is a membership organization. We work hard to provide our members with the information and tools necessary to help them understand the criminal justice system and to advocate for changes.
Nonprofit, grassroots criminal justice & prison reform organization. We believe in rehabilitation, not retribution. Advocating for human rights since 1972.

CURE National's twitter feed for up to date information on the latest news.

The Marshall Project

Online journalism related to criminal justice and incarceration. (Constantly updated)

Sentencing Policy News

from The Sentencing Project
Top stories related to justice policies (constantly updated)

Drug Policy as Race Policy: Best Seller Galvanizes the Debate

by Jennifer Schessler, Published in the New York Times, March 6, 2012
Michelle Alexander's book: The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (New Press, 2010)

THE CAGING OF AMERICA: Why do we lock up so many people?

by Adam Gopnik
The New Yorker, JANUARY 30, 2012
A well researched, thoughtful critique of the US corrections system.

Research Related to Justice, Incarceration, and Reentry

Carceral Chicago: Making the Ex-offender Employability Crisis

(June 2008) International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Volume 32.2 pp. 251–81
by Jamie Peck & Nik Theodore
This article explores the urban labor market consequences of large-scale incarceration. The disproportionate effects of mass incarceration for communities of color is also addressed here.

Families for Justice and Healing

Resources and Partners tab offers excellent links to research related to alternative sentencing and restorative justice.
Families for Justice as Healing organizes formerly incarcerated women to join the movement toward creating alternatives to mass incarceration. Membership advocates for community wellness, with women as a focus, and rejects the current U.S. drug policies that prioritize criminalization and incarceration. Asserts that if we are serious about eradicating drug related illness, crime, and violence we must commit to the evidence based solutions that address poverty, addiction, and trauma.

Legal Action Center

The Legal Action Center (LAC): A non-profit law and policy organization whose sole mission is to fight discrimination against people with histories of addiction, HIV/AIDS, or criminal records, and to advocate for sound public policies in these areas. Publications Include
  • Educational Materials for Individuals, Service Providers & Others
  • Policy Papers
  • Voting Rights Videos
Notable LAC Research
After Prison: Roadblocks to Reentry: (2004) a comprehensive analysis and grade report of state laws and policies that serve as legal barriers to reentry in the areas of employment, public housing, public benefits, voting, access to criminal records, adoptive and foster parenting, and drivers’ licenses.
After Prison Report: 2009 Update
Compare US incarceration statistics by state Incarceration Statistics

Mass Imprisonment and the Life Course: Race and Class Inequality in U.S. Incarceration

by Becky Pettit, University of Washington & Bruce Western, Princeton University
Well written article from a sociological perspective re: the emergence of incarceration as a new stage in the life course of young, lowskill, black men.

National Reentry Resource Center

The Council of State Governments Justice Center
The Resource Center, established by the Second Chance Act, provides assistance to the prisoner reentry field. They offer education, training, and technical assistance to states, tribes, territories, local governments, service providers, nonprofit organizations, and corrections agencies working on prisoner reentry. Click on the library tab for publications authored by organizations, researchers, service providers, and practitioners working in the reentry field.

Prison Policy Initiative

The Prison Policy Initiative documents the impact of mass incarceration on individuals, communities, and the national welfare in order to empower the public to improve criminal justice policy.

Reentry Net

A clearinghouse of materials for attorneys, social service providers, and policy reform advocates on reentry and the consequences of criminal proceedings.

Research Related to Sex Offenses

Once Fallen:

resources and research regarding laws, legislation and reforms related to people with records of sex offenses.

Life on the List

by Steven Yoder April 4, 2011 in The American Prospect
Does publicly posting names of convicted sex offenders actually reduce the number of sexual offenses?

Research Related to Justice Involved Women

Reproductive Health Care for Incarcerated Women and Adolescent Females

Abstract: Increasing numbers of women and adolescent females are incarcerated each year in the United States and they represent an increasing proportion of inmates in the U.S. correctional system. Incarcerated women and adolescent females often come from disadvantaged environments and have high rates of chronic illness, substance abuse, and undetected health problems. Most of these females are of reproductive age and are at high risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Understanding the needs of incarcerated women and adolescent females can help improve the provision of health care in the correctional system.

National Resource Center on Justice-Involved Women (NRCJIW)

Provides guidance and support to criminal justice professionals – and promotes evidence-based, gender-responsive policies and practices – in order to reduce the number and improve the outcomes of women involved in the criminal justice system.

Women’s Voices: Advocacy by Criminal Justice Involved Women, March 2009

Report by Women's Prison Association on the work of women, both incarcerated and formerly so, who are working to reduce our nation’s reliance on incarceration. This report highlights the efforts of eleven such groups in seven states.

Stories & Inspiration
Videos, feature films, books, poetry, and other on-line material related to incarceration and reentry

Feature Films

A PLACE TO STAND is the authorized story of Jimmy santiago Baca's transformation from an illiterate convict to an award-winning poet and novelist. The film follows Baca's path though abandonment, drug-dealing, and a DEA bust gone awry, ultimately leading to a 5-year narcotics sentence at Arizona State Prison, one of the most violent prisons in the country. Baca survived prison by exploring deep within himself, discovering poetry at his soul's core. Jimmy's best-selling memoir has been called "elegant and gripping" (Los Angeles Times), and "an astonishing narrative that affirms the triumph of the human spirit (Arizona Daily Star).

Sentencing Policy Featured Stories

from The Sentencing Project
Profiles of people affected by the US corrections system